Guadalajara is a more populous state of Jalisco Mexican city and municipality , capital city. It is located in western Mexico , the center of Jalisco, in the geographical area known as Valle de Atemajac . It is the second most populated megalopolis of the country with 1,495,182 8 inhabitants and is part of the so-called metropolitan area of Guadalajara, along with other 8 municipalities , considered the second largest urban area in Mexico and the tenth in Latin America, with 4,625 . 000. Its territory delimits to the north with the municipalities of Zapopan and Ixtlahuacán River , to the east with Tonalá and Zapotlanejo , south to San Pedro Tlaquepaque and to the west with Zapopan. It is located in the macro-region of El Bajio, specifically in the Bajio West or West Central ( Mexico ) 9 10renta-de-autos-guadalajara